Čap, Andreas; Souček, Vladimír

Curved Casimir operators and the BGG machinery

SIGMA, Symmetry Integrability Geom. Methods Appl. 3, Paper 111, 17 p., electronic only (2007)


Summary: We prove that the Casimir operator acting on sections of a homogeneous vector bundle over a generalized flag manifold naturally extends to an invariant differential operator on arbitrary parabolic geometries. We study some properties of the resulting invariant operators and compute their action on various special types of natural bundles. As a first application, we give a very general construction of splitting operators for parabolic geometries. Then we discuss the curved Casimir operators on differential forms with values in a tractor bundle, which nicely relates to the machinery of BGG sequences. This also gives a nice interpretation of the resolution of a finite dimensional representation by (spaces of smooth vectors in) principal series representations provided by a BGG sequence.

Mathematics Subject Classification

22E46, 53A40, 53C15, 58J70, P


induced representation, parabolic geometry, invariant differential operator, Casimir operator, tractor bundle, BGG sequence