Weighing matrices and spherical codes

J. Algebr. Comb. 42(1), 283-291 (2015)
DOI: 10.1007/s10801-015-0581-6

Summary

Mutually unbiased weighing matrices (MUWM) are closely related to an antipodal spherical code with 4 angles. In this paper, we clarify the relation between MUWM and the spherical codes and determine the maximum size of a set of MUWM with weight 4 for any order. Moreover, we define mutually quasi-unbiased weighing matrices (MQUWM) as a natural generalization of MUWM from the viewpoint of spherical codes. We determine the maximum size of a set of MQUWM for the parameters $(d,2,4,1)$ and $(d,d,d/2,2d)$. This includes an affirmative answer to the problem of Best, Kharaghani, and Ramp.

05B20, 94B25

Keywords/Phrases

weighing matrices, mutually unbiased weighing matrices, root system, Kerdock codes over $\mathbb Z_4$