Blagojević, Pavle V.M.; Frick, Florian; Haase, Albert; Ziegler, Günter M.

Hyperplane mass partitions via relative equivariant obstruction theory

Doc. Math., J. DMV 21, 735-771 (2016)


Summary: The Grünbaum--Hadwiger--Ramos hyperplane mass partition problem was introduced by Grünbaum (1960) in a special case and in general form by Ramos (1996). It asks for the «admissible» triples $(d,j,k)$ such that for any $j$ masses in $\R$^d there are $k$ hyperplanes that cut each of the masses into 2^k equal parts. Ramos' conjecture is that the Avis--Ramos necessary lower bound condition $dk\ge j(2^{k}-1)$ is also sufficient. We develop a «join scheme» for this problem, such that non-existence of an ${\Sym_{k}^\pm}$-equivariant map between spheres $(S^{d})^{*k} \rightarrow S(W_{k}\oplus U_{k}^{\oplus j})$ that extends a test map on the subspace of $(S^{d})$^*k where the hyperoctahedral group $\Sym_{k}^\pm$ acts non-freely, implies that $(d,j,k)$ is admissible. For the sphere $(S^{d})$^*k we obtain a very efficient regular cell decomposition, whose cells get a combinatorial interpretation with respect to measures on a modified moment curve. This allows us to apply relative equivariant obstruction theory successfully, even in the case when the difference of dimensions of the spheres $(S^{d})$^*k and $S(W_{k}\oplus U_{k}^{\oplus j})$ is greater than one. The evaluation of obstruction classes leads to counting problems for concatenated Gray codes. Thus we give a rigorous, unified treatment of the previously announced cases of the Grünbaum--Hadwiger--Ramos problem, as well as a number of new cases for Ramos' conjecture.

Mathematics Subject Classification

55N25, 51N20, 52A35, 55R20


hyperplane mass partition problem, equi­variant topological combinatorics, equivariant obstruction theory